SPT, SCPT, and DCPT correlation for SC, CL, and SM-SC soils: A case study of Nadiad soil


  • Chintan Patel M. Tech Geotechnical Engineering Student, Dharmsinh Desai University, Nadiad, Gujarat, India.
  • Samirsinh Parmar Assistant Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, Dharmsinh Desai University, Nadiad-387001, Gujarat, India. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0196-2570


A number of different static & dynamic penetration tests are used nowadays in site investigation. The standard penetration test (SPT) is the most common in situ test for soil investigations. On the other hand, the cone penetration test is considered one of the best investigation tools. Due to the fast and accurate result that can be obtained it complaints the SPT in many applications like field explorations, design parameters and quality control assessments. SCPT-DCPT are becoming very popular because it provides continuous details of the strata and it is also quick. In this study, correlation of Standard penetration test, Static cone penetration test, and Dynamic cone penetration test results will be carried out. On the basis of soil classification and variability with depth, the major correlations are developed between the SPT value – Ø, SPT value - settlement, SPT value - Rd there are no more direct co-relation between the SPT- SCPT- DCPT because this relation depended on local soil parameters.  So far very few correlations have been made between SCPT and DCPT test results as compared to the correlations between SPT-SCPT-DCPT. A positive liner relationship will be found between qc, N, qD for various sandy soils.

How to cite this article:
Patel C, Parmar SP. SPT, SCPT, and DCPT Correlation for SC, CL, and SM-SC Soils: A Case Study of Nadiad Soil. Int J Adv Res Civil Stru Engg 2021; 3(1): 1-7.


Akca N. Correlation of SPT-CPT data from the United Arab Emirates. Engineering Geology 2003; 67: 219-231. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0013-7952(02)00181-3

Chin, Chung T, Shaw-Wei D et al. SPTCPT correlations for granular soils. 1st Int l Symposium on Penetration Testing. 1988; 1: 335-339. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1099380

Danziger BR, DA.Velloso. Correlations between the CPT. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11204-015-9288-x

Danziger FAB, Politano CF, Danziger BR. CPT-SPT correlations for some Brazilian residual soils.Geotechnical site characterization: Proceedings of the First International Conference on Site Characterization-ISC’98. Atlanta, Georgia.

Kasim AG, Ming-Yau C, Curtis JN. Field Correlation of Cone and Standard Penetration Tests. ASCE Journal of Geotechnical Engineering 1986; 368- 372. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9410(1986)112:3(368)

Lunne T, Robertson PK, Powell JJM. Cone Penetration Testing in Geotechnical Practice. UK, Blackie Academic/ Chapman-Hall Publishers, 1997. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11204-010-9072-x

Meyerhof GG. Penetration tests and bearing capacity of cohesionless soils. Journal of the soil mechanics and foundation division, ASCE 1956; 82(1): 1-19. https://doi.org/10.1061/JSFEAQ.0000001

Meigh AC, Nixon IK. Comparison of in-situ tests of granular soils. Proceedings of 5th international Conference on Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering. Paris 1961. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11204-015-9288-x

Robertson PK, Campanella RG. Interpretation of Cone Penetration Tests: Part I: Sand. Canadian Geotechnical Journal 1983; 20(4): 718-733. https://doi.org/10.1139/t83-078

Robertson PK. Interpretation of cone penetration tests a unified approach. Canadian Geotechnical Journal 2009; 46(11): 1337-1355. https://doi.org/10.1139/T09-065

Sanglerat G. The Penetrometer and Soil Exploration”, Elsevier Publishing Company, New York, NY. World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology. International Journal of Environmental, Chemical, Ecological, Geological and Geophysical Engineering 2015; 9(2). ISBN: 0-444-40976-9

Schmertmann JH. Static Cone to Compute Static Settlement over Sand. Journal of the Soil Mechanics and Foundations Division, ACSE 1970; 96(SM3): 1011-1035. https://doi.org/10.1061/JSFEAQ.0001418

Schmertmann JH. Use the SPT to Measure Dynamic Soil Properties Dynamic Geotechnical Testing, ASTM STP 654. American Society for Testing and Materials 1978; 341-355. https://doi.org/10.1520/STP35685S